Jul 06, 2022
In Welcome to the Forum
On July 1, 1997, the sovereignty and governance of Hong Kong were handed over from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China. Since then, July 1 every year has become Hong Kong's "Reunification Day". The government will hold celebrations on the same day, while civil society groups will mostly hold marches on the same day to fight for democracy-related demands. During the 2019 Anti-Extradition Movement, the protesters successfully entered the Legislative Council Building on July 1, occupied the Legislative Council and read out the "Hong Kong People's Protest Declaration", putting forward the "five demands" of the protest camp. Later, when the Hong Kong police was about to clear the Legislative banner design Council, some protesters who had already left returned to the building and worked together to pull away the protesters who had planned to stay in the conference hall. When they carried away the left-behind people, they shouted "Let's go together." One of the protesters who returned to the building was interviewed by the media at that time, crying and saying that she was afraid that "I won't be able to see my comrades again tomorrow", so she decided to participate in this rescue operation. Since then, "rising together and falling together" has become one of the most important action spirits in the anti-extradition campaign. Some media described July 1 in 2019 as "the most angry July 1". From then on, July 1 is no longer just a day for parades, but a landmark day in the history of Hong Kong's protests. On July 1, 2020, the Hong Kong police for the first time opposed civil organizations to hold the July 1st march on the grounds of the severe COVID-19 (serious special infectious pneumonia, new coronary pneumonia, Wuhan pneumonia) epidemic. However, there were still citizens who spontaneously protested on Hong Kong Island that day and clashed with the police. It was also the first day that the "Hong Kong National Security Law" came into effect. Some citizens were arrested for displaying protest slogans. The slogans that were often chanted by demonstrators during the anti-extradition campaign were also characterized by the police as an attempt to split the country or subvert state power. . On July 1, 2021, with the further disintegration of Hong Kong's civil society and the government's stronger suppression of the fighting camp, this July 1st became the most "calm" July 1st in history. The parade was still opposed by the police on the grounds of the epidemic. The officer was injured with a knife in the shoulder blade. After Leung Kin-fai attacked the police officer, he stabbed himself in the heart with a knife and died after being sent to the hospital for rescue.